NEWARK, NJ – On the eve of Halloween, New Jersey’s U.S. Senators Bob Menendez and Cory Booker wrote federal banking and housing leaders asking for answers and action on the abandoned or “zombie” foreclosure crisis in the state. A recent report found New Jersey has the highest number of “zombie” foreclosures in the country, with almost 4,000 homes vacated before a completed foreclosure. Left without a caretaker and abandoned by the banks, these properties attract crime, trash and debris, bring down the values of neighboring homes, and leave towns and cities to shoulder the burden. New Jersey saw an increase in these foreclosures by 29 percent in just the past year.
“Zombie Halloween costumes may cause a scare, but what we really should be frightened about is the growing zombie foreclosure crisis haunting our communities,” said Sen. Menendez. “We sent this letter to top federal leaders today because we want to work together to end the unacceptable practice where banks sit on abandoned properties, hitting struggling borrowers with new debt and damaging the property values and quality of life in neighborhoods. It’s past time we put the health of our communities above bank profits.”
“New Jerseyans need policies that can help neighborhoods and neighbors recover from the foreclosure crisis and address the spate of zombie foreclosures that threaten to turn our communities into graveyards,” said Staci Berger, president and chief executive officer of the Housing and Community Development Network of New Jersey. “Zombie properties are holding our communities and residents back. We applaud Senators Menendez and Booker for shining a light on the important questions surrounding these issues and look forward to getting more information so that communities can fight back.”
Earlier this year, Menendez, Ranking Member of the Senate Subcommittee on Housing, Transportation and Community Development, introduced the Preserving American Homeownership Act to help homeowners who are underwater on their mortgages remain in their homes and mitigate the impact zombie foreclosures have on New Jersey communities and our economy.
Full text of the letter can be downloaded here and follows:
Dear Secretary Castro, Chair Yellen, Comptroller Curry, Chairman Gruenberg, Director Cordray, Director Watt, and Chair Matz:
We write today regarding serious concerns about the long-lasting impacts of the foreclosure crisis facing our communities. As communities across the country have struggled to recover from precipitous declines in home values, widespread job losses, and high household debt, many towns and cities nationwide are witnessing an increase in abandoned or “zombie” foreclosures. A zombie foreclosure is characterized by homes where banks have initiated the foreclosure process, and homeowners have made the painstakingly difficult decision to leave their home, and yet the bank then chooses to walk away from the foreclosure because the value of the property is not worth the cost of maintaining the home and completing the foreclosure process. Often with no notice to the homeowner and based on a profit-driven determination, the bank decides to turn its back on the homeowner, on the property, and on the community at large.
Our state of New Jersey has more zombie—also called “walkaway” foreclosures—than anywhere else in the country. In fact, New Jersey saw an increase in these foreclosures by 29 percent in just this last year. And while the number of abandoned foreclosures has decreased nationally, this problem has persisted and even worsened in economically distressed areas, adding to the urgency in addressing this situation. Furthermore, a 2010 Government Accountability Report on the topic found that abandoned foreclosures most frequently involve loans to borrowers with lower quality credit and lower value properties in areas hit hardest by the crisis.
This problem cannot simply be designated as a relic of the crisis—it is real, and it is affecting homeowners, neighborhoods, and communities throughout the country. When a bank or mortgage servicer takes stock of their options and determines that the cost of maintenance and the duration of the foreclosure process for a particular home outweighs any potential return on the property, the servicer should be required to take steps to notify the homeowner, contact local authorities, and make arrangements for alternative disposition of the property. Borrowers in this situation are typically unaware that they are still responsible for taxes and fees, and while they may presume that the bank or mortgage servicer is on the hook, the borrowers could be subject to wage garnishment, major hits to their credit, and seizure of any tax refunds. The fact is that this country is in the midst of an affordable housing crisis, and it’s simply unacceptable that banks are sitting on abandoned properties to the detriment of struggling homeowners and communities, just to preserve their bottom line.
One of the enduring lessons of the Great Recession and the resulting foreclosure crisis is that economic problems are not confined within the four walls of a home. The wider community impact of this crisis is undeniable. First and foremost, a foreclosure—often precipitated by a lost job, illness, or a change in family circumstances—so clearly damages a household. For many around the country, homeownership is the fundamental, and sometimes only, path to creating and building wealth. A foreclosure temporarily and at times permanently cuts off this path, affecting future generations of American families and their ability to seek out education and employment opportunities. And beyond the household itself, an initiated foreclosure that is later abandoned by a bank can in short order lead to devastating impacts for the neighborhood at large. Abandoned homes are breeding grounds for blight, crime, trash and debris accumulation, all of which undeniably weigh down the values of neighboring homes. Furthermore, towns and municipalities are left to shoulder the burden of maintenance and crime prevention, all the while losing out on critical revenue from property taxes.
As regulators of the entities responsible for performing mortgage servicing on these loans, we urge you to take appropriate actions to address this issue. Homeowners, neighborhoods, and communities across the country look to your agencies to ensure that banks and servicers act equitably throughout the foreclosure process. With that in mind, please provide detailed answers to the following questions:
1. In 2012, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System issued supervisory guidance regarding a lender’s decision to discontinue foreclosure proceedings. This guidance requires entities to take several key actions when they decide to end foreclosure proceedings, including providing notification to borrowers, notification to local authorities, and obtaining up-to-date property values on the property. In addition to the guidance from the Federal Reserve, what regulatory, supervisory, or enforcement provisions are in place to address this issue?
2. Do existing regulations and guidance on this issue require servicers to inform borrowers that they remain responsible for property taxes?
3. Is additional statutory authority needed to require mortgage servicers to make proper notifications to homeowners and localities and to require servicers to obtain updated property valuations?
4. In addition to requiring banks and mortgage services to notify borrowers and localities of their intent to discontinue the foreclosure process, what other steps can be taken to address the current backlog of abandoned foreclosures and prevent future abandoned foreclosures?
5. Where appropriate, are your agencies coordinating regulatory, supervisory, and enforcement efforts on this issue?
Thank you in advance for your attention to this request.
 RealtyTrac (Oct. 8, 2015) http://www.realtytrac.com/news/foreclosure-trends/realtytrac-q3-2015-u-s-zombie-foreclosure-and-vacant-property-report/
2 U.S. Gov’t Accountability Office, GAO-11-93, Mortgage Foreclosures: Additional Mortgage Servicer Actions Could Help Reduce the Frequency and Impact of Abandoned Foreclosures (2010) http://www.gao.gov/assets/320/312243.pdf
3 Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Guidance on a Lender’s Decision to Discontinue Foreclosure Proceedings, SR 12-11, CA 12-10 (July 11, 2012)http://www.federalreserve.gov/bankinforeg/srletters/sr1211.pdf