Menendez, Booker, Colegas Urgen a la Administración Trump a Extender TPS para Honduras y El Salvador

Menendez, Booker, Colegas Urgen a la Administración Trump a Extender TPS para Honduras y El Salvador

   

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Los senadores Bob Menendez (D-N.J.) y Cory Booker (D-N.J.), ambos miembros del comité de relaciones exteriores del senado, hoy fueron acompañados por los senadores Tim Kaine (D-VA),Ben Cardin (D-MD), y 18 otros colegas en enviar una carta al Secretario de Estado Rex Tillerson, y a la secretaria interina del Departamento de Seguridad Nacional Elaine Duke, instando a la Administración Trump a extender el Estatus de Protección Temporal (TPS, por sus siglas en inglés) a los ciudadanos de Honduras y El Salvador que viven en los Estados Unidos, contribuyen a la economía estadounidense, pagan impuestos y apoyan a sus familias. El Estatus de Protección Temporal permite a personas de países con condiciones inseguras, como un conflicto armado en curso o un desastre natural reciente, permanecer en los Estados Unidos y trabajar legalmente. Las designaciones están programadas para caducar en enero y marzo, respectivamente.

 “Actualmente, aproximadamente 200,000 Salvadoreños y 61,000 Hondureños viven y trabajan legalmente en los Estado Unidos como recipientes del TPS. Estos individuos tienen sus registros biométricos archivados en el DHS. Los beneficiarios del TPS están haciendo contribuciones valiosas a la economía Americana…Los beneficiarios de El Salvador y de Honduras, que son trabajadores legalmente sancionados, proporcionan apoyo critico en la industria de construcción de EE.UU, y estos trabajadores serán contribuidores esenciales en los esfuerzos de reconstrucción a raíz de los Huracanes Harvey y Irma,” escribieron los senadores en su misiva.

Los senadores también resaltaron las condiciones únicas en Honduras y El Salvador que proporcionan una base clara para la extensión del TPS, incluyendo recursos limitados, niveles de violencia extremadamente altos, y pobreza generalizada. La carta también explica como el enviar a miles de individuos de regreso a estos países podría tener consecuencias desestabilizadoras adicionales.

 “En un momento en que los EE.UU. están haciendo sus propias inversiones para apoyar la seguridad, estabilidad y prosperidad en Centroamérica a través de asistencia extranjera y participación diplomática, la decisión de no renovar la designación de TPS para estos dos países socavaría los objetivos estratégicos que buscamos alcanzar en la region,” concluyeron los senadores.

Los senadores acompañando a Menendez, Booker, Kaine y Cardin en mandar la misiva: Chris Van Hollen (D-MD), Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), Edward J. Markey (D-MA), Al Franken (D-MN), Catherine Cortez Masto (D-NV), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), Richard Blumenthal (D-CT), Sherrod Brown (D-OH), Michael F. Bennet (D-CO), Kamala D. Harris (D-CA), Christopher A. Coons (D-CT), Patrick Leahy (D-VT), Patty Murray (D-WA), Bernard Sanders (I-VT), Mark R. Warner (D-VA), Charles E. Schumer (D-NY) y Richard J. Durbin (D-IL).

A continuación, la carta en su totalidad.

 

The Honorable Rex Tillerson                                     The Honorable Elaine C. Duke

Secretary of State                                                       Acting Secretary of Homeland Security

U.S. Department of State                                            U.S. Department of Homeland Security

2201 C St. NW                                                           3801 Nebraska Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20520                                              Washington, DC  20528

 

 

Dear Secretary Tillerson and Acting Secretary Duke:

            We write to urge you to extend Temporary Protected Status (TPS) designations for Honduras and El Salvador, which are due to expire in January and March of next year, respectively. 

Currently, approximately 200,000 Salvadorans and approximately 61,000 Hondurans live and work lawfully in the United States as recipients of TPS.  These individuals are registered with DHS with biometric data on file.  TPS beneficiaries are making valuable contributions to the U.S. economy, with labor force participation rates of 81 percent for Salvadorans age 16 and older and 85 percent for Hondurans age 16 and older. Beneficiaries contribute over $648 million dollars annually to Social Security and Medicare. Additionally, Salvadoran and Honduran beneficiaries, who are legally-sanctioned workers, provide important support to the U.S. construction industry, and these hard-working individuals will be essential contributors to the rebuilding efforts after Hurricanes Harvey and Irma.

In considering the extension of TPS designations for El Salvador and Honduras, we encourage you to consider the unique conditions in each country which provide a clear basis for TPS extension in accordance with the law.  In El Salvador and Honduras, acute crises initially posed by natural disasters have had lasting effects, which have been exacerbated by subsequent environmental, economic, and security challenges.  Efforts continue to rebuild infrastructure and provide dependable services to these populations, but these efforts are hampered by limited resources and high levels of violence and insecurity.  Both countries suffer from some of the highest rates of homicides and sexual violence in the world.  In 2016, the people of El Salvador were victims of over 5,200 homicides, an alarming rate of more than 80 per 100,000 people and the highest globally.  In the case of Honduras, the high prevalence of violent crimes is further complicated by weak rule of law and the fact that some 95 percent of criminal offenses end in impunity. 

These troubling security statistics are compounded by the fact that 66 percent of the Honduran population and 31 percent of the Salvadoran population live below the poverty line, according to the most recent World Bank data.  Moreover, in 2016, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization reported that due to a historic drought in the region, some 1.5 million people in Honduras and El Salvador are in need of humanitarian assistance.  Clearly, neither country has the capacity and resources at this time to safely absorb the return of the tens of thousands of their nationals who are currently in the United States under TPS.

Finally, it is important to consider the full range of consequences if the TPS designation for El Salvador and Honduras is not extended.  In the United States, we would lose tens of thousands of productive members of our labor force who contribute to our economic growth, pay their share of taxes, and make valuable contributions to key sectors of the U.S. economy.  Countless families in El Salvador and Honduras would lose the economic lifeline they depend on through remittances from relatives working legally in the United States.  The return of more than 250,000 individuals to Honduras and El Salvador would also have destabilizing consequences, straining recovery efforts and exacerbating existing challenges to achieving sustained economic growth and development.  

Since 2014, the U.S. Government has greatly expanded its engagement with the Northern Triangle of Central America, in which El Salvador and Honduras are located, in order to address the underlying factors driving irregular immigration in the region.  At a time when the U.S. is making our own investments to support security, stability and prosperity in Central America through foreign assistance and diplomatic engagement, a decision to not renew the TPS designation for these two countries would undercut the very strategic objectives we seek to achieve in Central America.

            Thank you for your consideration of this important issue, and we look forward to your response.

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